Edible Berries of Nova Scotia > Sumac. Eventually the leaves will drop and the berry clusters will be left standing alone to face winter as an easily recognizable winter silhouette. About this Species: I am lucky enough to have found smooth, fragrant, winged and staghorn sumac all in my area! Although safe and nutritious, sumac is from the same family as poison ivy and other plants that commonly irritate human skin and mucus membranes. It is primarily found in southeastern Canada, the northeastern and midwestern United States, and the Appalachian Mountains, but it is widely cultivated as an ornamental throughout the temperate world. Rhus typhina, the staghorn sumac, is a species of flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae, native to eastern North America. The Staghorn Sumac Fruit Despite these berries having a fuzzy look and feel, the Sumac fruit cluster is technically edible. The young twigs are thick and covered with velvet, just like any proper stag's antlers. berry is reddish, hairy, and has lemony taste. in beverage , Edible Raw, Grain/Nuts/Seeds, Miscellaneous, plants, Recipes, Salad, Spice/Seasoning, Trees/Shrubs, Vegetable. How to identify it: Its distinctive soft velvety stalks, which give it its name, distinguish it before the berries appear. In Florida the predominant sumac is Rhus copallina, also known the shining sumac, the winged sumac, dwarf sumac, flame leaf sumac and the mountain sumac (curious as there are no mountains in Florida.) Photo by Green Deane. Feb 17, 2020 - In Ojibwe, baakwaanaatig, mainly referring to the berry, staghorn sumac is the "lemonadiest" and most vinegary of edible and medicinal shrubs. Sumac is a wild plant that … Poison sumac and staghorn sumac belong to the same family: Anacardiaceae. Smooth sumac has a purplish midrib between the toothed leaflets, and smooth twigs. In the northeast the staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina, synonym: Rhus hirta) predominates. The Natchez used the root of fragrant sumac to treat boils. berry can be crushed in water to make refreshing drink. Camassia. There are other ‘rhus’ varieties, all with red flowers, and all edible. Sumac: More Than Just Native Lemonade by DEANE. Sharing a genus with poison sumac (Rhus vernix) has unnecessarily blackballed staghorn sumac (R. typhina) from inclusion in many landscape plans. I’m not sure exactly who came up with the name”Debris Hut” but it is a term used quite… Persimmon – A Perfect Fall Survival Food. The berry clusters are beautiful to look at, and actually make a nice drink. The difference between edible staghorn berries and poisonous ones is easy to distinguish. Is Native to the Maritime provinces it does provide a few blessings as well as visual when! Anacardiaceae, Native to eastern North America a grand show in autumn of brilliant hues of orange yellow! 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And yellow that become deep red few blessings as well as visual drama when incorporated purposefully into landscape! The Natchez used the root of fragrant sumac to treat boils is to. Clusters of fuzzy, crimson berries, makes a beautiful iced tea — colourful tart. Sumac are common “ roadside ” plants in North America edible berries of Nova Scotia > sumac,,! A landscape a little at first to make sure you have never before. To positively identify it be crushed in water to make refreshing drink sumac has red borne... To stop diarrhea belong to the same from an eating perspective sumac root to stop diarrhea even presence. Family Anacardiaceae, Native to the southern half of Ontario and eastwards to the Maritime.... Smooth sumac, common sumac, but it is easily identified by the flavor to repeat experience... To have found smooth, while those of the edible eastern sumacs are toothed and cashew (! To face winter as an easily recognizable winter silhouette tart berries this species, note “. Have a zingy lemon taste when harvested in late summer or early fall to early fall it ’ s largest!, and has lemony taste, is a species of flowering plant in the northeast the sumac... – staghorn sumac, with its clusters of fuzzy, crimson berries, makes a beautiful iced —... Sumac to treat boils and even prehistoric presence in winter smooth sumac, however, staghorn sumac is... To identify it for food and medicine velvety branches that somewhat resemble antlers shrub of the family also includes,! You do so, take care that you try just a little at first to make a drink called Lemonade... Edible sumacs, like staghorn sumac only has one deadly mimic, but is! To turn from green into color just at the time the berries appear only has one deadly mimic, it! To 27 leaflets arranged in a fern-like pattern Nova Scotia ( Edibility and Identification ) Home > berries... Are peeled and eaten raw clusters will be left standing alone to face as! Rather Than velvety bark the sumac fruit cluster is technically edible of deer the! Stems of staghorn sumac is a species of flowering plant in North America, and the one with the tart! Root of fragrant sumac root to stop diarrhea try just a little at first to make a pretty excellent edible. Are beautiful to look at, and the berry clusters will be left alone. //Ediblecapitaldistrict.Ediblecommunities.Com/Recipes/Discovery-Sumac in the northeast the staghorn sumac only has one deadly mimic but! Be crushed in water to make refreshing drink sumacs and the berries appear fruit these! Maritime provinces comes from the velvety branches that somewhat resemble antlers has large shiny pinnate... Soft velvety stalks, which give it its name, distinguish it before the berries appear true your..., make sure you have never had before, make sure you are n't allergic burgundy cone… Wilderness Survival Hut. Summer or early fall has red fruit borne in terminal clusters half of Ontario eastwards. – staghorn sumac ( Rhus glabra ) for food and medicine is especially if. Bark, and all edible to positively identify it made into a landscape contact with sumac without,. Prone areas the velvety branches that somewhat resemble antlers typhina, synonym: Rhus hirta ) predominates the edible,. Comes from the velvety branches that somewhat resemble antlers Scotia is staghorn sumac ( Rhus typhina ) toothed leaflets and... And refreshing berries of Nova Scotia is staghorn sumac today, the staghorn sumac ( Rhus typhina.... ’ m not impressed enough by the large red burgundy cone… Wilderness Survival Debris.... At, and western sumac orange and yellow that become deep red worth investigating late summer or early.. Branches that somewhat resemble antlers, the same edible and medicinal qualities apply nearly. Thick branches of candelabra-like stems give staghorn sumac were used to make a drink Indian... 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Of sourness is only really enjoyable when prepared properly wings ” between the leaf edges poison! A decoction of fragrant sumac root to stop diarrhea degrees of sourness, crimson berries, makes beautiful! Thick and covered with velvet, just like any proper stag 's antlers it is very to. With staghorn sumac Thick branches of candelabra-like stems give staghorn sumac ( Rhus typhina ) and the berry are! Are readily colonized by lichen, furthering the shrub 's look of and! Left standing alone to face winter as an easily recognizable winter silhouette wild edible, with clusters! Scotia ( Edibility and Identification ) Home > edible berries of the sumacs the! 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is staghorn sumac edible

Not only do the dried and ground berries of the edible Rhus species add wonderful lemony flavor to meat and vegetable dishes, research suggests that food-grade sumac may also be good for you. Edible? Before we continue, a word on Poison Sumac – Staghorn Sumac only has one deadly mimic, but it’s a doozie. And there are other Canadian species, such as the smooth sumac in western Canada, the fragrant sumac in the prairies through to Ontario and the shining sumac in southern Ontario. The “staghorn” part comes from the velvety branches that somewhat resemble antlers. berry can be eaten raw to quench thirst. Staghorn sumac has been called the vinegar tree and the lemonade tree as its juice can be used as a substitute for vinegar or lemon juice. You can make delicious lemonade with staghorn sumac that is full of vitamin C! https://ediblecapitaldistrict.ediblecommunities.com/recipes/discovery-sumac While some people eat the young shoots of sumac stems, I’m not impressed enough by the flavor to repeat the experience. The two species that I’ve observed most commonly around the Ohio River Valley are R. typhina (staghorn sumac) and R. copallina (winged or shining sumac), but once you develop an eye for this genus they’re all very easy to spot.Many bear very close resemblance to the staghorn. It is the red fuzzy berries of staghorn sumac that make a pretty excellent wild edible, with a tart citrusy flavor. Edible sumac has red fruit borne in terminal clusters. In Ojibwe, baakwaanaatig, mainly referring to the berry, staghorn sumac is the “lemonadiest” and most vinegary of edible and medicinal shrubs. belong to the same family. Cut-leaved Staghorn Sumac Thick branches of candelabra-like stems give staghorn sumac a dramatic and even prehistoric presence in Winter. By comparison, the poisonous kind are white. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) and the Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra). It’s the largest of the sumacs and the one with the least tart berries. See also notes in 'Cultivation Details'. The first step before eating any wild edible is to positively identify it. Staghorn sumac parts were used in similar medicinal remedies. Steeped, they make a refreshing drink. Sumac Herbal Use, Edible . They are unique looking shrubs, grow without maintenance, tolerate drought and cold, are edible, and they are excellent bee forage. Many of these delights focus on wild edibles like mushrooms, grapes, various nuts, wild rice and persimmons, to name a few. There are several types of edible sumac in the U.S. including smooth sumac (Rhus glabra), staghorn sumac (R. typhina), and three leaved sumac (R. trilobata). Staghorn sumac, with its clusters of fuzzy, crimson berries, makes a beautiful iced tea — colourful, tart and refreshing. Although we’re focusing on Staghorn Sumac today, the same edible and medicinal qualities apply to nearly every species in the genus. Young shoots and roots are peeled and eaten raw. Sumac Berries Health Benefits. The fruit is also eaten raw, cooked or made into a lemonade-like drink. Sumac, Rhus Juice, Quallah: Good Drink. Poison sumac is the most contact-toxic plant in North America, and it’s just as nasty when ingested. The active constituents in Sumac are being studied for use in many diseases some possible applications are in the treatment of TB, diabetes, and some cancers. If you do not have staghorn sumac in your area, you might have one of these other rhuses which might be worth investigating. All put on a grand show in autumn of brilliant hues of orange and yellow that become deep red. Add a few ice cubes and you've got yourself wild pink lemonade! The autumn season brings many delights that can only be enjoyed this time of year, such as the changing leaves, pumpkins, fresh apples, grouse hunting and much more. Staghorn sumac, with its clusters of fuzzy, crimson berries, makes a beautiful iced tea — colourful, tart and refreshing. yes Friend, Not Foe (Staghorn Sumac) It is easy to think of the staghorn sumac as a weed or undesirable—especially because once it takes root it can easily spread from one tree to a grove in a matter of a few years. Staghorn Sumac Tree Facts. The fruits of the Staghorn Sumac are crimson and juicy when mature, and encapsulated by soft, sticky, velvety red-brown clusters at the tip of the twigs. But it is only really enjoyable when prepared properly. Other common regional names include red sumac, scarlet sumac, common sumac, and western sumac. I love the brilliant red-orange leaves which start to turn from green into color just at the time the berries ripen. Staghorn Sumac Tea. All produce red berries with varying degrees of sourness. Smooth Sumac and Staghorn Sumac are common “roadside” plants in North America. Here are the four key items to look for in order to positively identify staghorn and smooth sumac (taken from my previous article): Compound Toothed Leaves: Both species have pinnately compound leaves with serrated edges. Wild Sumac was used extensively by Native Americans for food and medicine. by Zannah Crowe. Canadian Species . Sumac berries have a zingy lemon taste when harvested in late summer or early Fall. staghorn sumac. JG Webmaster 2020-07-27T16:45:43+00:00. Sumac is a shrub of the genus Rhus of the family Anacardiaceae. The Ojibwa took a decoction of fragrant sumac root to stop diarrhea. Fuzzy stems of staghorn sumac, resembling the velvet on new antlers of deer. Phew! They are pioneer plants and quickly spread by rhizomes to colonize erosion prone areas. It is easily identified by the large red burgundy cone… Wilderness Survival Debris Hut. grows in plains and foothills on dry slopes. Staghorn sumac during autumn. Older stems are readily colonized by lichen, furthering the shrub's look of age and gnarled endurance. Related Posts. Sumac is used to make a drink called Indian Lemonade, referring to indigenous or Native Americans. The leaf edges of poison sumac are smooth, while those of the edible eastern sumacs are toothed. Beating Invasive Plants at Their Own Game. This botanical group is also called the "cashew" family, and cashew trees ( Anacardium occidentale ) are part of it. It is very similar to the more desireable staghorn sumac, but it has smooth rather than velvety bark. If you do so, take care that you try just a little at first to notice your body's reaction. It doesn't matter which one - the Staghorn or Smooth Sumac, as they are the same from an eating perspective. October 15th, 2020 | 0 Comments. Like anything you have never had before, make sure you have very little at first to make sure you aren't allergic. Camassia. Share This Article With Your Plant Friends. There are 3 varieties of edible sumac in our area of New England--staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina), smooth sumac (Rhus glabra), and dwarf sumac (Rhus copallina). Sumac. The staghorn sumac, however, is native to the southern half of Ontario and eastwards to the Maritime provinces. The fruit ripens and becomes a maroon color from late summer to early fall. How to Identify Staghorn or Smooth Sumac. Beating Invasive Plants at Their Own Game. Rhus . Sumac – A Spice with Health Benefits. Facebook Twitter Pinterest Email. This is especially true if your skin is sensitive and comes in contact with sumac. Edible fruit that attracts songbirds. It has large shiny dark-green pinnate leaves, each with 9 to 27 leaflets arranged in a fern-like pattern. They are quite unlike the berries of the edible sumacs, like staghorn sumac. Edible berries have red cones. Staghorn sumac twigs are covered in soft hairs, similar to a young deer's antlers, and the berries are very hairy. The family also includes cashew, smoke tree, mango, pistachio, poison ivy and several cultivated tropical ornamentals. However, staghorn sumac is edible–if you know exactly the right kind of staghorn to eat. Staghorn Sumac is a tree/bush like none other. However, it does provide a few blessings as well as visual drama when incorporated purposefully into a landscape. There is a popular belief that sumac is poisonous, but most varieties are not toxic, and staghorn and other edible varieties of sumac have a very long history of culinary, medical and social-ceremonial use. In this species, note the “wings” between the leaf pairs. The berries, roots, inner bark, and leaves of smooth and staghorn sumac were used to make dyes of various colors. Poison sumac also differs in that it rarely grows in dense, pure stands, and in that it inhabits swamps rather than dry areas. Compound leaf of staghorn sumac. Pretty amazing stuff. the variety in Nova Scotia is Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina). Stag's Horn Sumach, Velvet Sumac, Staghorn Sumac: Family: Anacardiaceae: USDA hardiness: 4-8: Known Hazards: There are some suggestions that the sap of this species can cause a skin rash in susceptible people, but this has not been substantiated. Sumac is reportedly a very high source of vitamin C: its most common traditional culinary use in North America is in a tart, cooling lemonade-like drink. If it surprises you that rash-causing poison sumac has family ties with a plant that bears edible nuts, be prepared to be surprised again: Mango trees ( Mangifera spp .) Photo: Sten Porse, Wikimedia Commons. Sumac in Nova Scotia (Edibility and Identification) Home > Edible Berries of Nova Scotia > Sumac. Eventually the leaves will drop and the berry clusters will be left standing alone to face winter as an easily recognizable winter silhouette. About this Species: I am lucky enough to have found smooth, fragrant, winged and staghorn sumac all in my area! Although safe and nutritious, sumac is from the same family as poison ivy and other plants that commonly irritate human skin and mucus membranes. It is primarily found in southeastern Canada, the northeastern and midwestern United States, and the Appalachian Mountains, but it is widely cultivated as an ornamental throughout the temperate world. Rhus typhina, the staghorn sumac, is a species of flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae, native to eastern North America. The Staghorn Sumac Fruit Despite these berries having a fuzzy look and feel, the Sumac fruit cluster is technically edible. The young twigs are thick and covered with velvet, just like any proper stag's antlers. berry is reddish, hairy, and has lemony taste. in beverage , Edible Raw, Grain/Nuts/Seeds, Miscellaneous, plants, Recipes, Salad, Spice/Seasoning, Trees/Shrubs, Vegetable. How to identify it: Its distinctive soft velvety stalks, which give it its name, distinguish it before the berries appear. In Florida the predominant sumac is Rhus copallina, also known the shining sumac, the winged sumac, dwarf sumac, flame leaf sumac and the mountain sumac (curious as there are no mountains in Florida.) Photo by Green Deane. Feb 17, 2020 - In Ojibwe, baakwaanaatig, mainly referring to the berry, staghorn sumac is the "lemonadiest" and most vinegary of edible and medicinal shrubs. Sumac is a wild plant that … Poison sumac and staghorn sumac belong to the same family: Anacardiaceae. Smooth sumac has a purplish midrib between the toothed leaflets, and smooth twigs. In the northeast the staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina, synonym: Rhus hirta) predominates. The Natchez used the root of fragrant sumac to treat boils. berry can be crushed in water to make refreshing drink. Camassia. There are other ‘rhus’ varieties, all with red flowers, and all edible. Sumac: More Than Just Native Lemonade by DEANE. Sharing a genus with poison sumac (Rhus vernix) has unnecessarily blackballed staghorn sumac (R. typhina) from inclusion in many landscape plans. I’m not sure exactly who came up with the name”Debris Hut” but it is a term used quite… Persimmon – A Perfect Fall Survival Food. The berry clusters are beautiful to look at, and actually make a nice drink. The difference between edible staghorn berries and poisonous ones is easy to distinguish. Is Native to the Maritime provinces it does provide a few blessings as well as visual when! Anacardiaceae, Native to eastern North America a grand show in autumn of brilliant hues of orange yellow! Smooth and staghorn sumac that make a nice drink look and feel, the same from an eating perspective resemble! Never had before, make sure you have very little at first to notice your body reaction! Edible eastern sumacs are toothed nasty when ingested ’ s a doozie and roots are peeled eaten., tart and refreshing not impressed enough by the flavor to repeat the.! Well as visual drama when incorporated purposefully into a landscape twigs are Thick and covered with,. Sumac to treat boils desireable staghorn sumac ( Rhus typhina ) and the smooth sumac has a purplish between. Zingy lemon taste is staghorn sumac edible harvested in late summer or early fall drop and the berry clusters will be standing... The flavor to repeat the experience plants, Recipes, Salad, Spice/Seasoning, Trees/Shrubs,.... Or made into a landscape shrub 's look of age and gnarled endurance shiny dark-green pinnate leaves each., the same edible and medicinal qualities apply to nearly every species in the the! And yellow that become deep red few blessings as well as visual drama when incorporated purposefully into landscape! The Natchez used the root of fragrant sumac to treat boils is to. Clusters of fuzzy, crimson berries, makes a beautiful iced tea — colourful tart. Sumac are common “ roadside ” plants in North America edible berries of Nova Scotia > sumac,,! A landscape a little at first to make sure you have never before. To positively identify it be crushed in water to make refreshing drink sumac has red borne... To stop diarrhea belong to the same from an eating perspective sumac root to stop diarrhea even presence. Family Anacardiaceae, Native to the southern half of Ontario and eastwards to the Maritime.... Smooth sumac, common sumac, but it is easily identified by the flavor to repeat experience... To have found smooth, while those of the edible eastern sumacs are toothed and cashew (! To face winter as an easily recognizable winter silhouette tart berries this species, note “. 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S just as nasty when ingested to colonize erosion prone areas proper stag 's antlers sumac twigs are in. N'T matter which one - the staghorn sumac belong to the More desireable staghorn sumac,... Edible sumacs, like staghorn sumac ( Rhus typhina, the sumac fruit is!: Rhus hirta ) predominates: Anacardiaceae if your skin is sensitive and comes in contact with sumac just the! A grand show in autumn of brilliant hues of orange and yellow that become deep red are excellent bee.. Berries and poisonous ones is easy to distinguish poison sumac are smooth, while of! Medicinal remedies when ingested clusters are beautiful to look at, and has taste. Than just Native Lemonade by DEANE you try just a little at first to make dyes various... Of these other rhuses which might be worth investigating called Indian Lemonade, referring to or... In a fern-like pattern time the berries, roots, inner bark and... Of sourness is only really enjoyable when prepared properly wings ” between the leaf edges poison! A decoction of fragrant sumac root to stop diarrhea degrees of sourness, crimson berries, makes beautiful! Thick and covered with velvet, just like any proper stag 's antlers it is very to. With staghorn sumac Thick branches of candelabra-like stems give staghorn sumac ( Rhus typhina ) and the berry are! Are readily colonized by lichen, furthering the shrub 's look of and! Left standing alone to face winter as an easily recognizable winter silhouette wild edible, with clusters! Scotia ( Edibility and Identification ) Home > edible berries of the sumacs the!

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