The Pygmy Hippo (Hexaprotodon liberiensis) is a mid-sized African ungulate featured in the Deluxe Edition of Planet Zoo.. Zoopedia Description General. Limited to very restricted ranges in West Africa, it is a shy, solitary forest dweller, and is now endangered. The Pygmy Hippopotamus Vs. Known to be found only in four countries in West Africa, pygmy hippos are now classified as endangered, with possibly less than 3,000 individuals remaining in the wild. Population: Around 130,000 across Africa. The pygmy hippopotamus is just one-fifth the weight of its huge cousin, the hippopotamus. When pygmy hippo cows are ready to breed, there is usually a bull waiting nearby. Each site is used for only a few days, since these hippos change their sleeping quarters once or twice a week. Other ways to stay safe include rearing, lunging, scooping water with the mouth, and head shaking. Unlike their larger relative, pygmy hippos are shy and would prefer to flee rather than stay and fight. At the San Diego Zoo, our pygmy hippos are fed a super high-fiber pellet, a bit of hay, and greens. However, the thin skin could cause the hippo to dehydrate quickly in the sun, so its skin oozes out a pink fluid that looks like beads of sweat and gives the hippo a shiny, or wet, appearance. Captive Pygmy hippos do not have a specific breeding season, but instead can mate at any time of the year. 2. Its nose and ears close underwater just like a hippo's do, but its head is rounder and narrower, its neck is proportionally longer, and its eyes are not on the top of its head. Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus ... (Hippopotamus amphibious) and the much smaller pygmy hippo (Choeropsis liberiensis). The heads of pygmy hippos are also blunter and rounder than those of … The mother tends to her young until weaning at around 8 months old. Pygmy hippos are more adapted to terrestrial living than common hippos. Tire mogul Harvey Firestone, who owned a rubber plantation in Liberia, gave President Calvin Coolidge a pygmy hippo named Billy. A common or river hippo weighs about 10 times as much as a pygmy hippo. The hippopotamus has an average life span of about 45 years in the wild and 50 years in captivity. The pygmy hippopotamus, or pygmy hippo, Choeropsis liberiensis, is an endangered mammal of high conservation concern endemic to the threatened Upper Guinea forest hotspot of West Africa. Signs of submission include lying prone and urinating while slowly wagging the tail. The pygmy hippo is the smaller cousin of the larger, more commonly known river hippo. Little is known of its habits in the wild. Those in the wild are thought to be polygynous, since territory of each male overlaps with these of multiple females. As a shy, nocturnal herbivore, the pygmy hippo eluded Western science until 1840. These mammals possess a four-chambered stomach. Pygmy hippo species is commonly found in Liberia. Weight:160-272 kg / 350-600 lb. Both sexes have home ranges, though those of males are much larger than those of females: a female's range covering 100-150 acres, and a male's covering about 400 acres. Some other Pygmy Hippopotamus has been observed only in certain reserves in West Africa. Although Pygmy hippos are legally protected throughout their range, the total population is decreasing due to scarcity or absence of suitable resources. Together we can save and protect wildlife around the globe. The large cats know too well that an encounter with an angered mother can be their demise. Mothers give birth in a den or in dense vegetation. The Common Hippopotamus. They generally exhibit nocturnal activity, being most active from the late afternoon to midnight. Hence, when specimen of this species was found, some scientists considered it a stunted or juvenile Common hippo. LENGTH. Gift recipients must reside within ZIP codes 91900-92899. Hippopotamuses, or hippos for short, are large semiaquatic mammals found in sub-Saharan Africa. A single calf is born at a birth weight of 14 lbs. The animals are known to mate in the water or on land. Beh… The pygmy hippo is only half as tall as the hippopotamus and weighs less than 1/4 of a full sized hippopotamus. 150-165 cm (4.9-5.4 ft) WEIGHT. These mammals socialize only during the mating season as well as when rearing their offspring. Pygmy hippos search for food on the forest floor or in swamps but can stand on their hind legs to reach food higher up in trees if they need to. Size and Weight: The hippo is one of the largest mammals on Earth. If alarmed, the hippo releases its breath with a loud huff. The pygmy hippo's teeth are also different: it only has one pair of incisors, while the hippo has two or three. When they dive, the species muscular valves in their ears and nostrils close off. The pygmy hippo is less aquatic than its larger relative, although, when pursued, it hides in water. The common hippo can appear peaceful and lazy, but don’t be … Fortunately, pygmy hippos breed well in zoos; however, more protection is needed for the wild populations so that they will not vanish altogether. Your gift membership offers a lifetime of memories and your loved ones will experience the special wonder of the San Diego Zoo and San Diego Zoo Safari Park when you give a gift membership today. Pygmy hippos are mainly nocturnal, resting well hidden in swamps, wallows, or rivers during the heat of the day until dark, when they leave the water to feed on land for a few hours in the cool of the night. Like the hippopotamus, they are semi-aquatic creatures, although they spend a considerable part of their time on the ground. Pygmy Hippo. Still, most of these predators often keep their distance. It is more difficult to see in the wild because it lives in the thick forests and swamps of West Africa. Researchers believe that they most likely feed on leaves, roots, ferns, and fruits near rivers and streams. Pygmy hippos are relatively smaller and weigh between 350 – 550 pounds. Today, the Zoo has pygmy hippos along the Hippo Trail in the San Diego Zoo’s Lost Forest. Known to be found only in four countries in West Africa. Adult pygmy hippos reach 70-80 cm in height and are believed to have diverged from the common hippo over 10 million years ago. Although they are able to make noises—from a low grunt to a high-pitched squeak—pygmy hippos are usually silent. A constant source of water is a vital life condition for Pygmy hippos, since it prevents their skin from drying and helps them control body temperature. And our pygmy hippos don’t seem to mind when a guenon roommate hops on their back for a ride!
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